The Battle of Mansfield was fought on April 8, 1864, just south of the town of Mansfield, Louisiana. The battle was part of the Red River Campaign, a Union effort to wrest control of the Red River and capture the City of Shreveport. Shreveport was the Confederate capital of Louisiana, a busy river port with an active cotton economy, the site of military industry, including ship and submarine construction, and the head of the Texas Trail. The capture of Shreveport would have allowed Union forces to enter Texas and crush the supplies moving from Texas, Mexico and western points to supply Confederate forces in the east.
The Battle of Mansfield saw the defeat of Union forces under the command of General Nathaniel Banks by Confederate forces commanded by General Richard Taylor. It was the last major Confederate victory of the War Between the States.